Doctor Samuel Orton
Dr. Samuel Orton
The Orton-Gillingham Manual

Orton-Gillingham techniques have been in use since the 1930's and have been proven with thousands of students around the
world. These techniques are taught in only a very small number of public school systems today, and then only within special
education classes. An intensive, sequential phonics-based system teaches the basics of word formation before people
learn--visual, auditory and kinesthetic. The Orton-Gillingham method teaches to a student's strengths while seeking to improve his
or her weaknesses. The International Dyslexia Association (formerly The Orton Dyslexia Society) is an international organization
that focuses on the issues associated with dyslexia.
The Language Tune-Up Kit (LTK®) curriculum includes the eight essential instructional elements needed to successfully teach

  • Multisensory: Instruction involves immediate, intensive, and continuous interaction between what the student is seeing,
    hearing, and feeling in the speech mechanisms and the writing hand. All the language elements taught are reinforced by
    having the student listen, speak, read and write. In LTK the student uses a mouse, microphone and keyboard to learn newly
    taught phonograms and to spell and write letters, words, and sounds from dictation.

  • Alphabetic/Phonetic: Sound-symbol associations along with linguistic rules and generalizations are introduced in a
    linguistically logical, understandable order. The essence of the phonetic approach is to make letter-to-sound correlations as
    simple and comprehensive as possible.

  • Synthetic/Analytic: The student is taught how to blend sounds together. When using LTK, the student hears the sounds
    pronounced while seeing the letters move together to make familiar words. LTK teaches the student how to segment words
    into separate speech sounds before beginning to spell. Drills which require placing the sound and filling in the blanks allows
    the student apply the process to many words.

  • Structured: The student learns one sound association, linguistic rule, or nonphonetic word and practices using it with
    previously taught material before learning the next language concept. In LTK, each new piece of the language taught is
    specifically reviewed multiple times through drills and spelling practice. If confusions occur later in another context, additional
    review is provided. LTK divides the linguistic rules into separate lesson activities and provides practice and correction
    routines for each lesson activity.

  • Sequenced: Linguistic concepts are taught in a sequence which will minimize potentially confusing elements. The LTK
    curriculum is organized to separate commonly confused linguistic elements. The logic and order of LTK's curriculum was
    determined by Orton-Gilligham experts who based their training in the Orton-Gillingham method. Their combined experience
    exceeds over 50 years in using this method to teach students of all ages and to train teachers.

  • Cumulative: The student should be asked to use each newly introduced element while reinforcing others that have been
    taught. LTK's quizzes test all of the linguistic information previously taught. Student scores typically indicate 90 to 100
    percent mastery within the quizzes. There are multiple review lessons interspersed throughout LTK to provide practice and

  • Repetitive: The concepts are repeated until the student gains mastery. The program provides 10 repetitions within each
    lesson activity and measures student mastery. If a mastery level of 80 percent is achieved, the student automatically
    progresses to the next lesson activity. If not achieved, additional sets of repetitions are provided and achievement of 80
    percent mastery is again determined.

  • Cognitive: The student should understand the "linguistic logic" underlying word formations and patterns and be able to
    demonstrate that understanding while writing words. During the introductory and review portions of the lessons, LTK
    explains rules and generalizations both verbally and with on-screen demonstrations.


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